Main factors of moving to and leaving Nova Scotia
In a study, the current and former immigrants of Nova Scotia were asked about the effective factors in choosing a place to live for immigration. One of the main reasons for deciding whether immigrants will stay in Nova Scotia or leave this province depends on the available job opportunities.
About 46% of the immigrants who left this province between 2011 and 2018 cited the lack of job opportunities as the reason. This issue can be related to finding a job in general, or finding a job that fits their education and experience. The study of 2,815 immigrants who left or are still living in Nova Scotia was conducted by a researcher at St. Mary’s University for the Nova Scotia Department of Immigration.
About 74% of the immigrants who immigrated to this province between 2011 and 2018 have stayed in this province. Based on the reasons and demands mentioned in this study, it is predicted that another 10% of participants, in addition to the 26% who left this province during the study period, may leave Nova Scotia in the next five years. .
The three main reasons given by these respondents for leaving this province, or even thinking about it, are as follows: finding better job opportunities; higher wages and lower taxes; And trying to find better healthcare. Some respondents also mentioned workplace discrimination.
Most of the immigrants who left Nova Scotia were younger and more likely to be single. Their level of education has been relatively the same as the people who stayed in this province. No significant difference was observed in the gender of the two groups.
Effective reasons in choosing a destination
A set of economic and non-economic reasons affect the decision of immigrants to immigrate to Nova Scotia. More than 40% of respondents consider their choice based on job opportunities for themselves and their spouses and living expenses.
The remaining 60% make decisions based on social reasons. These factors include quality of life, safe communities, suitable environment for raising children and communities without discrimination. When asking participants to rank these factors in order of importance, the top three cited were job opportunities, quality of life, and safe communities. Access to the services of local communities and language education were also placed in the last row of importance.
How can policy makers improve this situation?
Based on the findings of this study, the relevant report recommends that the province should focus on economic migrants who immigrate to Nova Scotia with their families. Immigrants from the economic group had the lowest survival rate compared to the family group and the refugee group. In this report, the Atlantic Migration Pilot Program is also mentioned, which was launched with the aim of facilitating the process of hiring foreign labor for employers in the four Atlantic provinces. According to the report, the involvement of employers is an “important step” to help settle and integrate into the community through this pilot.
In the end, measures to encourage volunteers as well as sports and recreational activities also help to increase life satisfaction in Nova Scotia.